The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) in 2015 describes Bangladesh as one of the most-at-risk countries in South Asia and highlights the danger of future climate change impacts. Bangladesh was ranked 1st on the 2014 Climate Change Vulnerability Index and fifth on the 2015 Global Climate Risk Index. IOM’s research on “Assessing the evidence: environment, climate change and migration in Bangladesh” in 2010 concludes that sudden-onset (floods, cyclones and riverbank erosion) and slow-onset natural hazards (such as coastal erosion, sea-level rise, salinity intrusion, rising temperatures, changing rainfall and drought patterns) have an impact on migration in Bangladesh. Kniveton et al. (2013) estimate that around 9.6 million people, excluding temporary and seasonal migrants, will migrate due to climatic factors between 2011 to 2050 in the country. Though Bangladesh has made significant achievements in different sectors, like primary education, maternal health, child mortality and poverty reduction, climate change, disasters and environmental degradation still threaten development outcomes and investment.
The Udayapur District in Nepal is one of the regions in the country vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Families have lost their houses and livelihoods due to flooding and farm lands and plantations have been affected by changes of rain patterns. IOM’s “Assessing the evidence: environment, climate change and migration in Bangladesh” published in 2016 describes Nepal as a country that suffers mainly from riverine flood, Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF), landslide, rainfall variation, temperature rises and heat waves.
Turkey is home to one of the largest refugee populations in the world with over 2.5 million. Many of these refugees are Syrian who have fled the ongoing war. As they try to rebuild their lives, IOM continues to provide multi-sector assistance to refugees throughout the country to meet their various needs.
IOM's resettlement operation of Syrian refugees living in Jordan to Canada in coordination with Canadian officials.
Situated on the south-western part of the Indochina peninsula, Cambodia is very much a destination country for several foreigners. Each year, more than a million visitors from across the globe come to see its famous heritage sights including the Angkor Wat temple. Today, its tourism industry accommodating an influx of visitors has become one of Cambodia’s largest industries. With a plethora of national attractions, vibrant cities, beautiful landscapes, and a bustling tourism industry there are several reasons why many choose to come to Khmer nation. However, as the arrival of foreigners is on the rise there is another kind of fluctuation at work, human labour. Cross border migration in Cambodia specifically for work and employment purposes is a growing issue in the Asian nation as several Cambodians leave their homes for extended periods of time through largely illegal channels in hopes of finding work that can earn them higher wages than found back at home. With an estimate of more than a million Cambodians currently working in Thailand, this translates to nearly 12% of the Cambodian work force is employed in Thailand alone. There is a multitude of factors contributing behind this kind of migration ranging from a lack of employment in rural parts of the country, higher wages for comparable work in neighbouring countries, forced displacement due to ongoing environmental changes.
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