The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) in 2015 describes Bangladesh as one of the most-at-risk countries in South Asia and highlights the danger of future climate change impacts. Bangladesh was ranked 1st on the 2014 Climate Change Vulnerability Index and fifth on the 2015 Global Climate Risk Index. IOM’s research on “Assessing the evidence: environment, climate change and migration in Bangladesh” in 2010 concludes that sudden-onset (floods, cyclones and riverbank erosion) and slow-onset natural hazards (such as coastal erosion, sea-level rise, salinity intrusion, rising temperatures, changing rainfall and drought patterns) have an impact on migration in Bangladesh. Kniveton et al. (2013) estimate that around 9.6 million people, excluding temporary and seasonal migrants, will migrate due to climatic factors between 2011 to 2050 in the country. Though Bangladesh has made significant achievements in different sectors, like primary education, maternal health, child mortality and poverty reduction, climate change, disasters and environmental degradation still threaten development outcomes and investment.
The Udayapur District in Nepal is one of the regions in the country vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Families have lost their houses and livelihoods due to flooding and farm lands and plantations have been affected by changes of rain patterns. IOM’s “Assessing the evidence: environment, climate change and migration in Bangladesh” published in 2016 describes Nepal as a country that suffers mainly from riverine flood, Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF), landslide, rainfall variation, temperature rises and heat waves.
Turkey is home to one of the largest refugee populations in the world with over 2.5 million. Many of these refugees are Syrian who have fled the ongoing war. As they try to rebuild their lives, IOM continues to provide multi-sector assistance to refugees throughout the country to meet their various needs.
IOM's resettlement operation of Syrian refugees living in Jordan to Canada in coordination with Canadian officials.
Since 1991, over a quarter million undocumented migrants have arrived in Bangladesh from the northern Rakhine state of Myanmar. Approximately 32,000 of these migrants are officially registered as Myanmar Refugees living in the two government-recognized camps in Kutupalong village of Ukhiya Upazila and Nayapara village of Teknaf Upazila in Bangladesh's south-eastern district of Cox's Bazar. Over 60,000 are undocumented, not registered as refugees, and officially known as Undocumented Myanmar Nationals (UMNs). They live in makeshift settlements around the same areas. The vast majority of UMNs live amongst the Bangladeshi population throughout Cox's Bazar and the surrounding districts. IOM and its partners have programs targeting UMNs and the poorest segments of local communities near the makeshift settlements.
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