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Since 1991, over a quarter million Rohingyas have arrived in Bangladesh from the northern Rakhine state of Myanmar. Approximately 32,000 of these Rohingyas are officially registered as Myanmar Refugees living in the two government-recognized camps in Kutupalong village of Ukhiya Upazila and Nayapara village of Teknaf Upazila in Bangladesh's south-eastern district of Cox's Bazar. Over 60,000 Rohingyas — they are undocumented, not registered as refugees, and officially known as Undocumented Myanmar Nationals (UMNs) — live in makeshift settlements around the same areas. The vast majority of UMNs live amongst the Bangladeshi population throughout Cox's Bazar and the surrounding districts. IOM and its partners have programs targeting UMNs and the poorest segments of local communities near the makeshift settlements.
Ahmed and his wife Ismah live in a mud house straddling along the border with Syria near their hometown of Kobane. The mud house has been their home since fleeing to Turkey and discovering it two years ago. The mud helps the home remain cool during the summer months while also retaining heat during the winter months.
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  • Cox's Bazar.Cox's Bazar.

    Climate Change and Migration - Bangladesh

    The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) in 2015 describes Bangladesh as one of the most-at-risk countries in South Asia and highlights the danger of future climate change impacts. Bangladesh was ranked 1st on the 2014 Climate Change Vulnerability Index and fifth on the 2015 Global Climate Risk Index. IOM’s research on “Assessing the evidence: environment, climate change and migration in Bangladesh” in 2010 concludes that sudden-onset (floods, cyclones and riverbank erosion) and slow-onset natural hazards (such as coastal erosion, sea-level rise, salinity intrusion, rising temperatures, changing rainfall and drought patterns) have an impact on migration in Bangladesh. Kniveton et al. (2013) estimate that around 9.6 million people, excluding temporary and seasonal migrants, will migrate due to climatic factors between 2011 to 2050 in the country. Though Bangladesh has made significant achievements in different sectors, like primary education, maternal health, child mortality and poverty reduction, climate change, disasters and environmental degradation still threaten development outcomes and investment.

  • The intensity and pattern of rainfalls has affected the cultivation of rice, the main product in Udaipur area and source of income of thousands of families. According to farmers in the region, the last 15 years have been very dry and their production has been decaying approximately 3% per year, according to Ram Basnet (coordinator of NIDS). However, 2016 was an exceptional year with more rain and consequently better production. Because of the growing challenges faced specially in the cultivation of rice, several households have members of the family who migrated to work abroad in other sectors. In most cases it is the men  of the family that leave and send remittances from abroad.
Udayapur, Nepal, is one of the regions in the country vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Several families have lost their houses and livelihoods due flooding. They also face difficulties with their plantations because of changes on rain patterns.The intensity and pattern of rainfalls has affected the cultivation of rice, the main product in Udaipur area and source of income of thousands of families. According to farmers in the region, the last 15 years have been very dry and their production has been decaying approximately 3% per year, according to Ram Basnet (coordinator of NIDS). However, 2016 was an exceptional year with more rain and consequently better production. Because of the growing challenges faced specially in the cultivation of rice, several households have members of the family who migrated to work abroad in other sectors. In most cases it is the men  of the family that leave and send remittances from abroad.
Udayapur, Nepal, is one of the regions in the country vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Several families have lost their houses and livelihoods due flooding. They also face difficulties with their plantations because of changes on rain patterns.

    Climate Change and Migration - Nepal

    The Udayapur District in Nepal is one of the regions in the country vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Families have lost their houses and livelihoods due to flooding and farm lands and plantations have been affected by changes of rain patterns. IOM’s “Assessing the evidence: environment, climate change and migration in Bangladesh” published in 2016 describes Nepal as a country that suffers mainly from riverine flood, Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF), landslide, rainfall variation, temperature rises and heat waves.

  • Syrian refugee children get ready for class at the SSG, a multi-service center supported by IOM.Syrian refugee children get ready for class at the SSG, a multi-service center supported by IOM.

    Helping Refugees in Turkey

    Turkey is home to one of the largest refugee populations in the world with over 2.5 million. Many of these refugees are Syrian who have fled the ongoing war. As they try to rebuild their lives, IOM continues to provide multi-sector assistance to refugees throughout the country to meet their various needs.

  • Migrants boarding the bus headed towards the processing center in Amman, Jordan. © IOM/Muse Mohammed 2015Migrants boarding the bus headed towards the processing center in Amman, Jordan. © IOM/Muse Mohammed 2015

    Canadian Resettlement Operation - Jordan

    IOM's resettlement operation of Syrian refugees living in Jordan to Canada in coordination with Canadian officials.

  • Syrian refugees are preparing to depart to Canada from Lebanon.Syrian refugees are preparing to depart to Canada from Lebanon.

    Canadian Resettlement Operation - Lebanon

  • The 107th Council also marked the 65th anniversary of the Organization’s founding on 5 December 1951. It is the highest authority of IOM and meets for one regular session annually. Its main functions include determining policy, reviewing reports, approving and directing the activities of the Executive Committee and the Director General, and reviewing and approving the programme, budget, expenditure and accounts of the Organization.The 107th Council also marked the 65th anniversary of the Organization’s founding on 5 December 1951. It is the highest authority of IOM and meets for one regular session annually. Its main functions include determining policy, reviewing reports, approving and directing the activities of the Executive Committee and the Director General, and reviewing and approving the programme, budget, expenditure and accounts of the Organization.

    107th Session of the Council (2016)

  • Irregular Cambodian migrants arrive at the IOM reception center in Poipet, a border town with Thailand. The migrants arrive at the MRC by the busloads and are a mix of men, women, and children. While for some it is their first time being deported back to Cambodia, for a number of arrivals it is a regular occurrence with them as they repeated continue to travel the border illegally.Irregular Cambodian migrants arrive at the IOM reception center in Poipet, a border town with Thailand. The migrants arrive at the MRC by the busloads and are a mix of men, women, and children. While for some it is their first time being deported back to Cambodia, for a number of arrivals it is a regular occurrence with them as they repeated continue to travel the border illegally.

    Labor Migration in Cambodia

    Situated on the south-western part of the Indochina peninsula, Cambodia is very much a destination country for several foreigners. Each year, more than a million visitors from across the globe come to see its famous heritage sights including the Angkor Wat temple. Today, its tourism industry accommodating an influx of visitors has become one of Cambodia’s largest industries. With a plethora of national attractions, vibrant cities, beautiful landscapes, and a bustling tourism industry there are several reasons why many choose to come to Khmer nation. However, as the arrival of foreigners is on the rise there is another kind of fluctuation at work, human labour. Cross border migration in Cambodia specifically for work and employment purposes is a growing issue in the Asian nation as several Cambodians leave their homes for extended periods of time through largely illegal channels in hopes of finding work that can earn them higher wages than found back at home. With an estimate of more than a million Cambodians currently working in Thailand, this translates to nearly 12% of the Cambodian work force is employed in Thailand alone. There is a multitude of factors contributing behind this kind of migration ranging from a lack of employment in rural parts of the country, higher wages for comparable work in neighbouring countries, forced displacement due to ongoing environmental changes.

Featured Videos

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  • Over 400,000 migrants transited through Niger in 2016. IOM Niger welcomed more than 6,000 of them in its transit centers including 600 women and 300 children. IOM centers offer migrants medical and moral support, as well as food and shelter. 5,000 migrants were assisted with voluntary returns to their countires.Over 400,000 migrants transited through Niger in 2016. IOM Niger welcomed more than 6,000 of them in its transit centers including 600 women and 300 children. IOM centers offer migrants medical and moral support, as well as food and shelter. 5,000 migrants were assisted with voluntary returns to their countires.

    IOM Transit Centers in Niger - YouTube.mp4 

  • It has been 100 days since military operations began to retake Mosul City. As the conflict areas are taken, families are reuniting after years of separation. Khaled escaped Mosul in 2014, but his wife remained trapped until last week.It has been 100 days since military operations began to retake Mosul City. As the conflict areas are taken, families are reuniting after years of separation. Khaled escaped Mosul in 2014, but his wife remained trapped until last week.

    100 Days of Mosul Operations - YouTube.mp4 

  • Six years of conflict, 4.8 million displaced in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Egypt, Iraq. 6.3 million dislaced in Syria beseiged and hard to reach it's time to scale up critical life-saving assistance early recovery and resilience in Syria and nearby countries to meet the daily suffering, to meet the daily despair of Syrian refugees, displaced Syrians, vulnerable Syrians. IOM is supporting Syrian communities and host communities, children and families, through emergency assistance. Shelter support, food distribution, core relief items, water and sanitation hygiene, medical and psychosocial support and early recovery assistance. Family reunification and resettlement, community stabilization, educational support, livelihood and resilience building, occupation trainings and grants.

Urgent funds are needed now.Six years of conflict, 4.8 million displaced in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Egypt, Iraq. 6.3 million dislaced in Syria beseiged and hard to reach it's time to scale up critical life-saving assistance early recovery and resilience in Syria and nearby countries to meet the daily suffering, to meet the daily despair of Syrian refugees, displaced Syrians, vulnerable Syrians. IOM is supporting Syrian communities and host communities, children and families, through emergency assistance. Shelter support, food distribution, core relief items, water and sanitation hygiene, medical and psychosocial support and early recovery assistance. Family reunification and resettlement, community stabilization, educational support, livelihood and resilience building, occupation trainings and grants.

Urgent funds are needed now.

    IOM Syria Appeal - YouTube.mp4 

  • 9 Million people will migrate due to climatic factors 2011-2050. 6 million have already been displaced. River bank erosion alone causes displacement of 100,000 people each year.9 Million people will migrate due to climatic factors 2011-2050. 6 million have already been displaced. River bank erosion alone causes displacement of 100,000 people each year.

    Under a Changing Sky - YouTube.mp4 

  • Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh hosts the protracted presence of a large number of displaced undocumented Myanmar nationals, eroding and overstretching the existing public health structure and coping mechanisms of an already underdeveloped district.Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh hosts the protracted presence of a large number of displaced undocumented Myanmar nationals, eroding and overstretching the existing public health structure and coping mechanisms of an already underdeveloped district.

    Access to Pure Water in Bangladesh - YouTube.mp4 

  • Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh hosts the protracted presence of a large number of displaced undocumented Myanmar nationals, eroding and overstretching the existing public health structure and coping mechanisms of an already underdeveloped district.Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh hosts the protracted presence of a large number of displaced undocumented Myanmar nationals, eroding and overstretching the existing public health structure and coping mechanisms of an already underdeveloped district.

    Access to Clean Water in Bangladesh - YouTube.mp4 



 

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